Robotic Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation -- An In-Scanner Approach with Concentric Tube Robots

Godage, Isuru; Remirez, Andria A; Wirz, Raul; Weaver, Kyle D; Burgner-Kahrs, Jessica; Webster III, Robert J
IEEE/RSJ International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems, pp. 1447-1452, 2015
Robotic Intracerebral Hemorrhage Evacuation -- An In-Scanner Approach with Concentric Tube Robots

Abstract


Several robotic systems have been proposed for removing blood from the brain in patients who have undergone a hemorrhagic stroke. In this paper we explore the use of imagebased feedback to address tissue deformation when aspirating a hemorrhage in a phantom model. This is the first time intraoperative image feedback has been used with a concentric tube robot in this application. We describe a layer by layer approach to motion planning. Computed tomography (CT) images are collected periodically during hemorrhage removal. After each CT scan, the robot's tip path is re-planned to account for the tissue deformation that has occurred since the previous scan. We compare open loop hemorrhage removal to our sequential imaging-replanning approach, illustrating that the latter has the potential to enhance the safety and efficacy of the procedure.

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